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智能的启动Emacs

2010年5月4日 ahei 发表评论 阅读评论

作者: jay

Emacs的启动速度是一直为非E众诟病的。虽然说现在机器是越来越快了,用我常用的配置,直接启动emacs也就等个2-3秒,但是和gvim比起来还是太慢了。不过Emacs提供了一个CS模式,在Emacs23以前,可以在一个已打开的Emacs上启动server,之后就可以用emacsclient通过连接到server的方式打开文件。在这种模式下,除了第一次打开Server Emacs耗时比较长外,之后每次起client的速度那都是唰唰的。这是我现在在Win下主要的打开Emacs的方式。这样有一个问题,如果关闭开启Server的那个Emacs,emacsclient就无法连接了,解决办法是给emacsclient加上”–alternative-editor=<path-to-emacs>”这样的参数,在失败时启动一个新的Emacs,当然这样就感受不到直连server的高速爽快感觉了:P

那Emacs 23之后呢?由于POSIX系统的特殊性,这回Emacs给其加上了一个daemon模式。这和传统的CS模型的区别是,启动Emacs Server的是那个daemon进程,这样即便将所有的Emacs窗口关闭,daemon仍然在运行。这样就解决了上面说的必须保持着那个server窗口的问题。

Daemon模式的启动很是方便,直接运行emacs --daemon就行了。当然使用daemon可能会碰到字体设置的问题,这个不在本文范畴,碰到该类问题的童鞋请移步这儿。我们可以把其写成一个init脚本放到系统启动项里面去。不过我并不喜欢这样,因为这不是按需启动的,如果在没注意的情况下把daemon给杀了,之后用emacsclient启动就全部出错了。不过由于有Windows下使用的经历,知道emacsclient可以为启动指定一个fallback,所以很自然就把这个参数指定为一个自定义脚本,这个自定义脚本负责启动daemon和client,脚本如下:

1
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#! /bin/bash
emacs --daemon && emacsclient $*

不过在某天我闲来无事看了看emacsclient的help之后才发现,这并不是一个很好的办法,为啥呢?看一下-a的参数就可以知道:

-a, --alternate-editor=EDITOR
       if  the  Emacs server is not running, run the specified editor instead.  This can also be specified via the
       `ALTERNATE_EDITOR' environment variable.  If the value of EDITOR is the empty string, then Emacs is started
       in daemon mode and emacsclient will try to connect to it.

发现没,其实只要给这个参数指定一个空字符,就能让emacsclient在连接不到server时自动启动daemon了。当然,这个参数支持从环境变量ALTERNATE_EDITOR读取,我当然也就选择这个方式了。

这样用下来一阵子,又有问题了。因为启动的daemon是没有frame的,所以假如当前没有可见的frame,在启动emacsclient时又没有加”-c”参数,那么emacsclient只会在daemon上创建一个没有frame的client,而我们将得不到任何提示。如果这时运行”emacsclient -c”创建一个新的frame,你会发现这个文件其实已经打开了,只是我们看不到而已。这是相当令人困扰的。

那就给emacsclient加上参数”-c”呗。但是因为每次打开都会启动一个新的frame,这样用下来也是不爽快。

我需要能够一种智能启动emacs的方式,如果当前没有可见的frame,则新建一个,否则,复用当前frame。由于对elisp还是不怎么熟,不知道是否有emacsic的方式,最终我是通过写了一个脚本的方式来实现的:

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#! /bin/bash
(wmctrl -a @jay && emacsclient -n $*) || emacsclient -n -c $*

其中用到了wmctrl这个软件包,ArchLinux的用户可以直接用”pacman -S wmctrl”来安装。其中的”@jay”是我的emacs标题上的内容,用来帮助wmctrl找到具有这样属性的窗口。

把Nautilus的文件默认打开方式设成这个脚本,这下emacs终于能够按照我的想法启动了,另外,我还在Nautilus里面加了一条”emacsclient -c”的打开方式,以便在需要的时候能够方便的新建窗口:)

P.S. 不知各位Emacs大牛对启动方式上还有啥建议不?特别欢迎elisp的解决方案,呵呵。

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  1. leezii
    2010年5月4日01:41 | #1

    大家都这么搞 再加上xbinkeys 设置个全局快捷键 直接呼出 frame

    [回复]

  2. seagle0128
    2010年5月5日05:25 | #2

    最近使用emacsw32,启动的时候用的”emacsclientw -n”,效果和你描述的理想状态一致,但目前我手上没有linux环境,不知道linux下是否可行。所以只能给出一个建议或者思路,请参考。

    [回复]

    Jay 回复:

    @seagle0128, W32下没有daemon模式,如果关闭了窗口的话,下一次再使用emacsclientw -n应该会重新启动一次server,这个速度和直接连上server是有差距的。当然这只是我的猜想啦,我也不知道现在w32下面的emacs是不是改进了这点:)

    [回复]

  3. York
    2011年5月17日04:06 | #3

    遗憾的是Windows平台下的emacs不支持“–daemon”选项

    [回复]

  4. weikent
    2012年10月2日19:30 | #4

    emacs for mac 是不是也没有-daemon 选项?

    [回复]

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